The Air Navigation Order (ANO) 2016 came into force on the 25th August 2016 by the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) to replace the ANO 2009.
There are no significant alterations to the regulations, but changes include replacements of terms, renumbering of articles and a change to the document layout.
The Air Navigation Order 2016 is now the key document for UK aviation regulation, so it is crucial for commercial UAV pilots to become familiar with the updates.
One of the most significant changes has been the replacement of the term ‘aerial work’ with ‘commercial operation’, to align with EASA-OPS.
You therefore no longer apply for a ‘Permission For Aerial Work’ (PFAW), but a ‘Permission for Commercial Operations’ (PfCO).
So, when referencing the PFAW in your operations manual, please make amendments so it now reads ‘PfCO’.
Note: both the new and old term have the same meaning, only the wording has changed. For more information, see the new article 94(5).
All ANO 2016 changes
For all article changes, see the below table, taken from the CAA’s Information Notice. This will allow you to reference the correct ANO articles in your operations manual.
|ANO 2009 Article number||ANO 2016 Article number|
|131: Dropping articles for agriculture and aerial application certificates||91|
|137: Endangering safety of an aircraft||240|
|138: Endangering safety of any person or property||241|
|161: Power to restrict flying||239|
|166: Small unmanned aircraft||94|
|167: Small unmanned surveillance aircraft||95|
|232: CAA power to prevent flying||257|
|242: Exemption from Order||266|
|244: Approval to supply reports||268|
|253: Exceptions from the Order||23|
|255: (interpretation)||2 and schedule 1|
|257: (Meaning of operator)||4|
|259: (Meaning of aerial work)||7|
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